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The Friendship
Descendants of First Fleeters
Edward Pugh & Hannah Smith
Association

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About Edward Pugh and Hannah Smith

The following is a brief biography of Edward Pugh and Hannah Smith; read a full biography prepared by member Ray Keating here.  The Association also has a lot more information available to members.

  |Edward Pugh |

Birth

Edward's birth date has not conclusively been proven as yet, but the membership of the Association are mainly of the opinion that, of the various Edward Pughs born in England between 1749 and 1766,the Edward Pugh born in 1760 to David Pugh and Elizabeth Hammer in Shrewsbury, Shropshire is most likely our Edward Pugh. We note the estimates of his age at various times in various records as indicating a birth date close to that time, and other supporting evidence such as that Edward and Hannah named their first born son David which according to the custom of the time, would have been after Edward's father.

Crime and transportation

Edward was convicted at Gloucester Quarter Sessions on the 5th of October, 1784 of the crime of stealing a great coat, and sentenced to 7 years transportation. Originally ordered to be transported to America, he remained in gaol and was finally ordered to the ship the Prince of Wales on the 23rd of March, 1787. He was received there with wife Elizabeth Parker and child Ann (/Nancy) of which he is assumed to be the father.  [Read a full bio of Elizabeth prepared by member Val Williams here.]

Edward was then received on the Friendship on the 17th of April, 1787. He was recorded as being 22 years of age (probably an estimate), just over 5' 6" tall, with hazel eyes, light brown hair and dark complexion. His occupation was given as "House Carpenter". Edward remained on the Friendship until his arrival in the colony; the ship dropped anchor in Botany Bay on the 19th of January, 1788. Elizabeth Parker was transferred to the Charlotte in October, 1787. Elizabeth had been convicted of theft on the 23rd of March, 1785 and sentenced to 7 years transportation; she died on the 19th of February, 1788 - less than 1 month after arrival in the new colony.

A new life in the new colony

After Elizabeth's death, Edward married another fellow convict Hannah Smith (see bio below) on the 15th of June, 1788 at St Phillips, Sydney. Two weeks after their marriage, Edward and Elizabeth Parker's daughter Ann died on the 30th of June, 1788.

Edward and Hannah had five children:

Edward's sentence expired on the 18th of July, 1791 and he was among the first convicts to be given a land grant: 70 acres at the 'foot of Prospect Hill' just west of Parramatta. Edward and Hannah appear to have prospered during this time, with 2 1/2 acres under cultivation despite poor soil quality and scarce water; by 1795 he was recorded as being off stores. 

Edward served in the NSW Corps for 10 years until discharge in 1810, and was still recorded as employed as a labourer in 1826.

Edward died a widower and pauper in Windsor District Hospital on the 30th of November, 1837 and was buried at St Matthews, Windsor.

|Hannah Smith |  

 [Read a full biography prepared by member Val Williams here.]

Birth

Hannah is thought to have been born in 1758 in Winchester, Hampshire, England.

Crime and transportation

Hannah was convicted of stealing several items from a house in Upham, Hants in the company of Janel (Daniel) Gordon. She was sentenced at Winchester Quarter Sessions on the 5th of April, 1785 to 7 years transportation. She remained in gaol until December 1786, when she was ordered to the hulk Dunkirk , arriving with an infant son about 3 months of age named William (referred to as Edward as well).

Hannah has the distinction of journeying to the new colony on 3 different ships: in March 1787 she was discharged to the Charlotte before being transferred in August to the Friendship  and then in October to the Lady Penrhyn.

The female convicts were generally poorly esteemed by the ships' officials. Officer of Marines Ralph Clark, who kept a detailed diary of his experiences on board the Friendship and in the colony, noted when the female prisoners were transferred from the Friendship and 30 sheep loaded in their place I think we will find much more agreeable ship mates than [the women]"; similarly Arthur Bowes Smyth, the surgeon on the Lady Penrhyn recorded the disembarkation in Botany Bay: “We had the long wished for pleasure of seeing the last of them leave the ship."  

Life in the new colony

As noted above in the biography of Edward, Hannah married Edward Pugh on the 15th of June 1788. Nine days prior, on the 6th of June, 1788, Hannah's son William died aged almost 2. 

Hannah and Edward had 5 children between 1789 and 1799, although in 1806 she was recorded as having 1 male and 2 female children.

Records are more scarce of the female than the male convicts, but Hannah lived to a relatively old age - she died and was buried in Sydney on the 17th of October, 1826. Her age was recorded as 77 but we note several discrepancies in age records from the time, most being an estimate.

| Written and sourced by Carmen Atkinson, Heather Brownett, Val Williams and Ray Keating. |